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Festival | Cuisine(Food)| Folk Songs/Music

Bihar is a place with very good history, land of Buddha, where freedom movement was started, which has given birth to lot of intellectuals whose knowledge, is spread worldwide. Bihar is a place which has rich culture heritage and follows even till today.

Traditional festivals are celebrated with happiness. Some important festivals celebrates are Chatth Puja, Sama-Chakeva, Ram Navami, Makar-Sankranti, Bihula, Madhushravani, Teej, Pitrapaksha Mela at Gaya, Sonepur Fair

Chatt Puja: This pooja is celebrated twice a year. Once in Chaitra and the next in the month of Kartik. People worship sun during the sunset time. This is a festival for cleanliness. Even tough it is festival celebrated for 4 days people maintain purity for even a month. Women do fasting during this pooja time for family wellbeing.

Sama-Chakeva: This festival is celebrated during the time of year when birds migrate from Himalayas to Mithila. This usually happens during the winter season. The specialty of the festival is that girls make idols of birds with and decorate them. This festival also marks relation ship between brothers and sisters. This festival starts when birds migrate to mithila and ends when they go back. This is basically to welcome them and wishing them to return next time.

Ramnavami: People celebrate the day when Lord ram was born with fastings and prayers.
Makar-Sankranti: celebrated as the beginning of summer season, also know as Tila Sankranti. People offer to poor on this day, fast and pray.

Bihula: People pray Goddess Manasa for the wellness of the family. Celebrated mostly by the people in Bagalpur district.

Madhushravani: This is the festival celebrated with great joy in the reajoin of Mithilanchal remainding people to follow tradition and region in day to day life.

Teej: It is the festival celebrated by women. This festival is dedicated to Goddess Parvathi and Lord Shiva,

Pitrapaksha Mela: It is a festival that takes place at gaya where Pindaadan is performed by the relatives of the people who are dead.

Sonepur Fair is the animal fair which takes place every year, Asia’s biggest fair which takes for a period for 15 days. Millions People from so many places visit here every year.

Shravani Mela of Sultanganj is of great importance. Shravani Mela is organised every year in July-August. Bihula-Bishari Puja of Anga region also is a great festival of Bihar.

Apart from Chhath, all major festivals of India are celebrated in Bihar, such as Makar Sankranti, Sarasawati Puja, Holi, Id-ud-Fitra, Id-ud-Joha (Bakrid), Muharram, Ram Nawami, Rath yatra, Rakhi, Mahashivaratri, Durga Puja, Divali, Laxmi Puja, Christmas, Mahavir Jayanti, Buddha Purnima, and several other local festivals as well.
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The staple food is bhat, dal, roti, tarkari and achar. It is prepared from rice, lentils, wheat flour, vegetables, and pickle. The traditional cooking medium is mustard oil. Khichdi, a broth of rice and lentils seasoned with spices and served with several accompanying items, constitutes lthe mid-day meal for most Hindu Biharis on Saturdays.

The most favourite dish among biharis is [LITTI- CHOKHA]. Litti is made up of SATTU and CHOKHA is of smashed pottato, tomatto, and brinjal.

Bihar offers a large variety of sweet delicacies which, unlike those from Bengal, are mostly dry. These include Anarasa, Belgrami, Chena Murki, Motichoor ka Ladoo, Kala Jamun, Kesaria Peda, Khaja, Khurma, Khubi ka Lai, Laktho, Parwal ka Mithai, Pua & Mal Pua, Thekua, Murabba and Tilkut. Many of these originate in towns in the vicinity of Patna.

Folk Songs (Music)
Bihar has a very old tradition of beautiful folk songs, sung during important family occasions, such as marriage, birth ceremonies, festivals, etc. They are sung mainly in group settings without the help of many musical instruments, though Dholak,Bansuri , and occasionally Tabla and Harmonium are used.

Bihar also has a tradition of lively Holi songs known as 'Phagua', filled with fun rhythms.

During the 19th century, when the condition of Bihar worsened under the British misrule, many Biharis had to migrate as indentured labourers to West Indian islands, Fiji, and Mauritius. During this time many sad plays and songs called biraha became very popular, in the Bhojpur area. Dramas on that theme continue to be popular in the theaters of Patna.





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